A Minor Piano Chord

Root
A
Min 3rd
C
5th
E
E
G
B
D
F
F
A
C
E
A
C
E

The Notes in an A Minor Chord

The Root

The root is the bottom note of the chord, the starting point to which the other notes relate. The root of an A Minor chord is A.

The Min 3rd

The minor third of an A Minor chord is C. The minor third is up three half-steps from the Root.

Finding C from A step by step:

  • Start on: A
  • Step 1: move up to Bb
  • Step 2: move up to B
  • Step 3: Land on C
Min 3rd
C
Root
A
1
2
  • Bb is a minor second above A.
  • B is a major 2nd above A.
  • C is a minor third above A.

The 5th

The fifth of an A Minor chord is E. The fifth is down five half-steps from the Root.

Finding E from A step by step:

  • Start on: A
  • Step 1: move down to G#
  • Step 2: move down to G
  • Step 3: move down to F#
  • Step 4: move down to F
  • Step 5: Land on E
5th
E
Root
A
1
2
3
4
  • G# is a minor second below A.
  • G is a major 2nd below A.
  • F# is a minor third below A.
  • F is a major third below A.
  • E is a fourth below A. The 5th is down a fourth? Confusing, right? The note E is down 5 half-steps from A, but up 7 half-steps from A:
5th
E
Root
A
1
2
3
4
5
6

The Inversions of A Minor

Root Position

Root
A
Min 3rd
C
5th
E
E
G
B
D
F
F
A
C
E
A
C
E

1st Inversion

Min 3rd
C
5th
E
Root
A
E
G
B
D
F
F
A
C
E
C
E
A

2nd Inversion

5th
E
Root
A
Min 3rd
C
E
G
B
D
F
F
A
C
E
E
A
C

Other Minor Chords

Other A Chords