C Minor 7th Piano Chord

Root
C
Min 3rd
Eb
Min 7th
Bb
5th
G
E
G
B
D
F
F
A
C
E
C
Eb
G
Bb

The Notes in a C Minor 7th Chord

The Root

The root of the chord is always the easiest to find because it's in the name of the chord! The root of a C Minor 7th chord is C.

The Min 3rd

The minor third of a C Minor 7th chord is Eb. The minor third is up three half-steps from the Root.

Finding Eb from C step by step:

  • Start on: C
  • Step 1: move up to Db
  • Step 2: move up to D
  • Step 3: Land on Eb
Min 3rd
Eb
Root
C
1
2
  • Db is a minor second above C.
  • D is a major 2nd above C.
  • Eb is a minor third above C.

The Min 7th

The minor seventh of a C Minor 7th chord is Bb. The minor seventh is down two half-steps from the Root.

Finding Bb from C step by step:

  • Start on: C
  • Step 1: move down to B
  • Step 2: Land on Bb
Min 7th
Bb
Root
C
1
  • B is a minor second below C.
  • Bb is a major 2nd below C. The min 7th is down a major 2nd? Confusing, right? The note Bb is down 2 half-steps from C, but up 10 half-steps from C:
Min 7th
Bb
Root
C
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

The Inversions of C Minor 7th

Root Position

Root
C
Min 3rd
Eb
Min 7th
Bb
5th
G
E
G
B
D
F
F
A
C
E
C
Eb
G
Bb

1st Inversion

Min 3rd
Eb
5th
G
Min 7th
Bb
Root
C
E
G
B
D
F
F
A
C
E
Eb
G
Bb
C

2nd Inversion

5th
G
Min 7th
Bb
Root
C
Min 3rd
Eb
E
G
B
D
F
F
A
C
E
G
Bb
C
Eb

3rd Inversion

Min 7th
Bb
Root
C
Min 3rd
Eb
5th
G
E
G
B
D
F
F
A
C
E
Bb
C
Eb
G

How to find C Minor 7th with my three-finger-method

This is the method taught in my book "How to Speed Read Piano Chord Symbols"

Step 1) Use the Fourth

Find the Root and the Fourth up from the Root. (See my tutorial on finding fourths).

Root
C
Root
C
4th
F

Step 2) Move the right hand down

Move both fingers in right hand a whole-step down (two keys to the left on the piano). (A half-step is the next key.)

Root
C
Min 7th
Bb
Min 3rd
Eb

How to Find 7th Chords with Nate's Three Finger Method

  • Major 7th chords: bring both fingers down a half-step
  • Minor 7th chords: bring both fingers down a whole-step
  • Dominant 7th chords: bring the Root down a whole-step, the fourth down a half-step
  • Diminished 7th chords: bring the Root down a minor third, the fourth down a whole-step

If you would like to learn more about my method, pick up "How to Speed Read Piano Chord Symbols".

Other Minor 7th Chords

Other C Chords