F Minor 7th Piano Chord

Root
F
Min 3rd
Ab
Min 7th
Eb
5th
C
E
G
B
D
F
F
A
C
E
F
Ab
C
Eb

The Notes in an F Minor 7th Chord

The Root

This is one is easy. All you have to do to find the root of a chord is look at the name of the chord. It's the first part of the name! If it's an F Minor 7th chord, the root is F!

The Min 3rd

The minor third of an F Minor 7th chord is Ab. The minor third is up three half-steps from the Root.

Finding Ab from F step by step:

  • Start on: F
  • Step 1: move up to Gb
  • Step 2: move up to G
  • Step 3: Land on Ab
Min 3rd
Ab
Root
F
1
2
  • Gb is a minor second above F.
  • G is a major 2nd above F.
  • Ab is a minor third above F.

The Min 7th

The minor seventh of an F Minor 7th chord is Eb. The minor seventh is down two half-steps from the Root.

Finding Eb from F step by step:

  • Start on: F
  • Step 1: move down to E
  • Step 2: Land on Eb
Min 7th
Eb
Root
F
1
  • E is a minor second below F.
  • Eb is a major 2nd below F. The min 7th is down a major 2nd? Confusing, right? The note Eb is down 2 half-steps from F, but up 10 half-steps from F:
Min 7th
Eb
Root
F
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

The Inversions of F Minor 7th

Root Position

Root
F
Min 3rd
Ab
Min 7th
Eb
5th
C
E
G
B
D
F
F
A
C
E
F
Ab
C
Eb

1st Inversion

Min 3rd
Ab
5th
C
Min 7th
Eb
Root
F
E
G
B
D
F
F
A
C
E
Ab
C
Eb
F

2nd Inversion

5th
C
Min 7th
Eb
Root
F
Min 3rd
Ab
E
G
B
D
F
F
A
C
E
C
Eb
F
Ab

3rd Inversion

Min 7th
Eb
Root
F
Min 3rd
Ab
5th
C
E
G
B
D
F
F
A
C
E
Eb
F
Ab
C

How to find F Minor 7th with my three-finger-method

This is the method taught in my book "How to Speed Read Piano Chord Symbols"

Step 1) Use the Fourth

Find the Root and the Fourth up from the Root. (See my tutorial on finding fourths).

Root
F
Root
F
4th
Bb

Step 2) Move the right hand down

Move both fingers in right hand a whole-step down (two keys to the left on the piano). (A half-step is the next key.)

Root
F
Min 7th
Eb
Min 3rd
Ab

How to Find 7th Chords with Nate's Three Finger Method

  • Major 7th chords: bring both fingers down a half-step
  • Minor 7th chords: bring both fingers down a whole-step
  • Dominant 7th chords: bring the Root down a whole-step, the fourth down a half-step
  • Diminished 7th chords: bring the Root down a minor third, the fourth down a whole-step

If you would like to learn more about my method, pick up "How to Speed Read Piano Chord Symbols".

Other Minor 7th Chords

Other F Chords